Tsar Bell -1733–1735 - commissioned by Empress Anna, niece of Peter the Great. The bell is currently the largest bell in the world, weighing 216 tons, with a height of 6.14 m ( 20.1 ft) and diameter of 6.6 m ( 21.6 ft). The bell was never rung — during a fire in 1737, a huge slab (11.5 tons) cracked off while it was still in the casting pit. For a time, the bell served as a chapel, with the broken area forming the door.
Xiongnu, 5th-4th century BC
Chinese sources from the 3rd century BC report the Xiongnu as being a nomadic-based people that became a dominant power on the steppes of eastern Asia.
Mirror and handle with the birth of Helen, bronze.
[Museum of Fine Arts - Boston]
Date: ca. 60 B.C.
Medium: Iron blade, copper alloy hilt and scabbard
Dimensions: Overall: 19 5/8 x 2 5/8 x 7/8 in. (49.8 x 6.7 x 2.2 cm)
This magnificent anthropomorphic Celtic sword is also one of the best preserved. The beautifully modeled head that terminates the hilt is one of the finest surviving images of a Celtic warrior.
The human form of the hilt—appearing as a geometric reduction of a classical warrior—must have been intended to enhance the power of the owner and to bear a talismanic significance. The face is emphatically articulated with large almond eyes, and the head with omega-shaped and finely drawn hair.
Although the scabbard has become amalgamated to the iron blade, affecting parts of the surface, its ornamentation and the exquisitely worked hilt make the whole an evocative statement about the technical ability of the Celts, the powerful conquerors of ancient Europe.
The sword is of a type associated with the La Tène culture, named after the important Celtic site on Lake Neuchâtel in present-day Switzerland and eastern France. Other related anthropomorphic swords from diverse finds in France, Ireland, and the British Isles demonstrate the expansion of the Celts across Europe.
As the first such example in the Museum’s collection, the sword is a superb and singular example that richly adds to a select group of Celtic works of art.
Source & Copyright: Metropolitan Museum of Art
Bronze ox-shaped Zun wine vessel, Shang Dynasty (between 1600 BC and 1046 BC) China.
Mask of Dionysos, bronze.
200 B.C. - 100 A.D.
“This intricately crafted bronze censer was found in the parish church of Buchholz in 1846. It is not known for which church it was originally made, but it must have been a grand one. It was probably made in Trier around 1100. The censer stands 8.5 inches (21.5cm) high and represents the Heavenly Jerusalem. It is shaped like a building with a cross-shaped plan, four apses, and 100 windows. On the four sides of the lower part are four busts: Moses with his staff, Aaron with a censer, and the prophets Isaiah and Jeremiah. Atop the gables stand four full-length figures: Abel with a lamb; Melchizedek with bread and chalice (seen here), Abraham about to sacrifice his son, and Isaac blessing Jacob instead fo Esau. All eight figures represent Old Testament prophets and events that prefigure the Eucharist. At the top is Solomon on his throne, with a fleur-de-lis crown, sceptre and imperial orb. Fourteen seated lions surround the base of the throne. Numerous Latin inscriptions explain the story of salvation, and one memorializes the bronze caster: “You who reads this, whoever you are, pray that Gozbertus may live!” The chain holder (behind on the right) has four medallions of the apostles Peter, Paul, James and John, with dragons between them. In the center is Christ on his throne.”
A bronze statue of Stephen I of Hungary mounted on a horse, erected in 1906, Budapest.
Figure of Niké, bronze.
Taranto (?), Italy.
c. 550 B.C.
Mustangs at Las Colinas, a bronze sculpture by Robert Glen in Williams Square, Irving, Texas. It’s believed to be the largest equestrian sculpture in the world.
Chimera of Arezzo, bronze.
Arezzo, Tuscany, Italy.
c. 400 B.C.
[Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Firenze]
Brazier, second half of 13th century; Mamluk
Cast bronze inlaid with silver
This only surviving Mamluk brazier, one of the best examples of inlaid metalwork, was dedicated to the Rasulid sultan of Yemen, al-Muzaffar ibn cUmar (r. 1250–95). The attribution is confirmed by the presence of the five-petalled rosette, the emblem of the Rasulids. Such braziers were probably used as grills and heaters.